Germany’s Bundestag Recognises Armenian Genocide; Admits German Empire’s Partial Responsibility

German Parliament Recognizes Armenian Genocide, Angering Turkey

(NEW YORK TIMES) BERLIN — The German Parliament overwhelmingly adopted a symbolic but fraught resolution on Thursday declaring the killings of Armenians by Ottoman Turks in 1915 a genocide, escalating tensions with Turkey at a diplomatically delicate juncture.

The Turkish government angrily denounced the vote as “null and void,” and President Recep Tayyip Erdogan called his ambassador in Germany back to Ankara for consultations.

“The way to close the dark pages of your own history is not by defaming the histories of other countries with irresponsible and baseless decisions,” Turkey’s foreign minister, Mevlut Cavusoglu, wrote on Twitter. In Ankara, Prime Minister Binali Yildirim said, “There is no shameful incident in our past that would make us bow our heads.”

Germany needs Turkey’s help in following through on a deal with the European Union to manage the refugee crisis attributed in large part to the Syrian civil war. At the same time, the German chancellor, Angela Merkel, has been under pressure not to be seen as caving to pressure from Ankara to compromise on Western values, particularly after a recent dust-up over freedom of speech set off by a German comedian’s satire that outraged Mr. Erdogan.

For Turkey, there is scarcely a more delicate topic than what historians say was the murder of more than a million Armenians and other Christian minorities in 1915-16. In April, Mr. Erdogan visited the Armenian Patriarchate of Turkey and, in a carefully worded statement, extended condolences to the families of those who had died, but the Turkish government has long rejected the term genocide.

Ankara has noted that thousands of people, many of them Turks, died in the civil war that destroyed the Ottoman Empire, and argued that the estimates of the number of Armenian deaths have been exaggerated.

The issue is also fraught for Germany. At the time of the killings, Germany, led by Kaiser Wilhelm II, was allied with the Ottomans, fighting alongside the Austro-Hungarian Empire against Britain, France and Russia in World War I. Acceptance of German responsibility for the atrocities of World War II has become an established part of the nation’s culture, and historians and activists have said that the Armenian resolution was an important step in acknowledging Germany’s indirect involvement in the 1915 killings.

Pope Francis called the killings a genocide last year, but the United States has long skirted the issue. President Obama stopped short of using the word — most recently in a statement marking Armenian Remembrance Day on April 24 — though he used the term before becoming president.

Ms. Merkel’s Christian Democratic Union and its coalition partners supported the resolution, which was originally proposed for last year, to mark the centennial of the start of the killings. But it was repeatedly delayed, most recently in February, over concerns about angering Ankara.

As the vote approached, debate intensified in Germany, which is home to an estimated three million people of Turkish descent, many of whom have dual citizenship. About 2,000 Turks demonstrated last weekend in Berlin, rallying to say that Parliament is not a court and therefore should not pass judgment.

Ms. Merkel was in a tough spot. When she visited Istanbul last week, she spent time with Turkish intellectuals and lawyers critical of Mr. Erdogan before meeting the president, who warned her not to move forward with the resolution.

Her decision to do so, despite those objections, may have been influenced by an episode in March, when a German comic, Jan Böhmermann, lampooned Mr. Erdogan with a crude poem. Ms. Merkel initially criticized the verses, giving the impression — which she later said was a mistake — that she advocated restrictions on freedom of expression in Germany. Critics portrayed her as weak.

Cem Ozdemir, the co-chairman of the opposition Greens and a driving force behind the resolution, accused Ms. Merkel of paying little heed to Turkey for most of her decade in power, until circumstances forced her to engage with Mr. Erdogan.

On Thursday, Mr. Ozdemir said there was “never a favorable time to speak about something as dreadful as genocide.”

Mr. Ozdemir read century-old statements by officials of the German Empire showing they knew that up to 90 percent of Armenians had been killed. “Working through the Shoah is the basis of democracy in Germany,” Mr. Ozdemir said, referring to the Holocaust. “This genocide is also waiting to be worked through.”

He noted that there were Turks who had saved Armenians. “Before them, we bow down with highest respect,” he said.

Mr. Ozdemir said he had received threats because of his support for the vote, but that it was even more dangerous for people in Turkey to acknowledge the genocide.

The vote in the Bundestag, the lower house of Parliament, was nearly unanimous, with one lawmaker voting against and another abstaining. (Ms. Merkel and the two most senior Social Democrat ministers — Vice Chancellor Sigmar Gabriel and Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier — were not present.)

Norbert Lammert, the president of the Bundestag, kicked off the debate with a clear message. “Parliament is not a historians’ commission, and certainly not a court,” he said. He added that the current Turkish government “is not responsible for what happened 100 years ago, but it does have responsibility for what becomes of this” in present times.

Mr. Lammert, a Christian Democrat, labeled the Ottomans’ killing of Armenians as genocide last year. Particularly because of “our own chapters of dark history,” Germans know that only by working through past events can one achieve reconciliation and cooperation, Mr. Lammert said on Thursday.

Including Germany, 12 of the European Union’s 28 members have recognized the Armenian killings as genocide. Despite initial protests, Turkey has maintained good relations with several of those countries.

When France approved legislation in 2011 recognizing the genocide, Turkey temporarily recalled its ambassador and halted bilateral military cooperation. Such steps by Ankara would be more complicated today and potentially more damaging, as Germany and Turkey are engaged in a NATO operation to stop migrant boats crossing the Aegean Sea from Turkey to Greece.

Aydan Ozoguz, the German commissioner for integration, who — like Mr. Ozdemir — is of Turkish descent, said before the vote that while she intended to vote for the resolution, “I still think it is the wrong path.” She added that she thought it would backfire.

Mr. Erdogan and ultranationalist Turks “will get a huge boost,” Ms. Ozoguz said. “They will use the resolution as proof of a further attack by the West on Turkey. Reasonable, considered voices will be isolated and will have no chance to be heard for a long time.”


Alison Smale reported from Berlin, and Melissa Eddy from Weimar, Germany. Sewell Chan contributed reporting from London, Katarina Johannsen from Berlin, and Safak Timur from Istanbul.


The resolution in German

Drucksache 18/8613
18. Wahlperiode
der Fraktionen CDU/CSU, SPD und BÜNDNIS 90/DIE GRÜNEN
Erinnerung und Gedenken an den Völkermord an den Armeniern und anderen christlichen Minderheiten in den Jahren 1915 und 1916
Der Bundestag wolle beschließen:

I. Der Deutsche Bundestag stellt fest:
Der Deutsche Bundestag verneigt sich vor den Opfern der Vertreibungen und Massaker an den Armeniern und anderen christlichen Minderheiten des Osmani-schen Reichs, die vor über hundert Jahren ihren Anfang nahmen. Er beklagt die Taten der damaligen jungtürkischen Regierung, die zur fast vollständigen Ver-nichtung der Armenier im Osmanischen Reich geführt haben. Ebenso waren An-gehörige anderer christlicher Volksgruppen, insbesondere aramäisch/assyrische und chaldäische Christen von Deportationen und Massakern betroffen.
Im Auftrag des damaligen jungtürkischen Regimes begann am 24. April 1915 im osmanischen Konstantinopel die planmäßige Vertreibung und Vernichtung von über einer Million ethnischer Armenier. Ihr Schicksal steht beispielhaft für die Geschichte der Massenvernichtungen, der ethnischen Säuberungen, der Vertrei-bungen, ja der Völkermorde, von denen das 20. Jahrhundert auf so schreckliche Weise gezeichnet ist. Dabei wissen wir um die Einzigartigkeit des Holocaust, für den Deutschland Schuld und Verantwortung trägt.
Der Bundestag bedauert die unrühmliche Rolle des Deutschen Reiches, das als militärischer Hauptverbündeter des Osmanischen Reichs trotz eindeutiger Infor-mationen auch von Seiten deutscher Diplomaten und Missionare über die organi-sierte Vertreibung und Vernichtung der Armenier nicht versucht hat, diese Ver-brechen gegen die Menschlichkeit zu stoppen. Das Gedenken des Deutschen Bun-destages ist auch Ausdruck besonderen Respektes vor der wohl ältesten christli-chen Nation der Erde.
Der Deutsche Bundestag bekräftigt seinen Beschluss aus dem Jahr 2005 (Drs. 15/5689), der dem Gedenken der Opfer wie auch der historischen Aufarbei-tung der Geschehnisse gewidmet war und das Ziel verfolgte, zur Versöhnung zwi-schen Türken und Armeniern beizutragen. Rednerinnen und Redner aller Frakti-onen haben am einhundertsten Gedenktag, dem 24. April 2015, bei der Debatte im Deutschen Bundestag und insbesondere der Bundespräsident am Vorabend der Debatte den Völkermord an den Armeniern verurteilt, der Opfer gedacht sowie zur Versöhnung aufgerufen. Das Deutsche Reich trägt eine Mitschuld an den Er-eignissen.
Der Bundestag bekennt sich zur besonderen historischen Verantwortung Deutschlands.
Dazu gehört, Türken und Armenier dabei zu unterstützen, über die Gräben
der Vergangenheit hinweg nach Wegen der Versöhnung und Verständigung zu suchen. Dieser Versöhnungsprozess ist in den vergangenen Jahren ins Stocken geraten und bedarf dringend neuer Impulse.
Der Deutsche Bundestag ehrt mit seinem Gedenken an die unvorstellbar grausamen Verbrechen nicht nur deren Opfer, sondern auch all diejenigen im Osmanischen Reich und im Deutschen Reich, die sich vor über hundert Jahren unter schwierigen Umständen und gegen den Widerstand ihrer jeweiligen Regierung in
vielfältiger Weise für die Rettung von armenischen Frauen, Kindern und Männern
eingesetzt haben.
Heute kommt schulischer, universitärer und politischer Bildung in Deutschland
die Aufgabe zu, die Aufarbeitung der Vertreibung und Vernichtung der Armenier
als Teil der Aufarbeitung der Geschichte ethnischer Konflikte im 20. Jahrhundert
in den Lehrplänen und -materialien aufzugreifen und nachfolgenden Generationen
zu vermitteln. Dabei kommt insbesondere den Bundesländern eine wichtige
Rolle zu.
Der Deutsche Bundestag ist der Ansicht, dass das Gedenken an die Opfer der
Massaker und Vertreibungen der Armenier unter Berücksichtigung der deutschen
Rolle einschließlich seiner Vermittlung an Mitbürgerinnen und Mitbürger türkischer
und armenischer Herkunft auch einen Beitrag zur Integration und zum friedlichen
Miteinander darstellt.
Der Deutsche Bundestag begrüßt die Zunahme von Initiativen und Beiträgen in
den Bereichen von Wissenschaft, Zivilgesellschaft, Kunst und Kultur auch in der
Türkei, welche die Aufarbeitung der Verbrechen an den Armeniern und die Versöhnung
zwischen Armeniern und Türken zum Ziel haben.
Der Deutsche Bundestag ermutigt die Bundesregierung weiterhin, dem Gedenken
und der Aufarbeitung der Vertreibungen und Massaker an den Armeniern von
1915 Aufmerksamkeit zu widmen. Auch begrüßt der Deutsche Bundestag jede
Initiative, die diesem Anliegen Anschub und Unterstützung zu verleihen.
Die eigene historische Erfahrung Deutschlands zeigt, wie schwierig es für eine
Gesellschaft ist, die dunklen Kapitel der eigenen Vergangenheit aufzuarbeiten.
Dennoch ist eine ehrliche Aufarbeitung der Geschichte die wohl wichtigste
Grundlage für Versöhnung sowohl innerhalb der Gesellschaft als auch mit anderen.
Es ist dabei zu unterscheiden zwischen der Schuld der Täter und der Verantwortung
der heute Lebenden. Das Gedenken an die Vergangenheit mahnt uns außerdem,
wachsam zu bleiben und zu verhindern, dass Hass und Vernichtung immer
wieder Menschen und Völker bedrohen.
Der Deutsche Bundestag nimmt die seit 2005 unternommenen Versuche von Vertretern
Armeniens und der Türkei wahr, in Fragen des Erinnerns und der Normalisierung
der zwischenstaatlichen Beziehungen aufeinander zuzugehen. Das Verhältnis
beider Staaten ist jedoch weiterhin spannungsreich und von gegenseitigem
Misstrauen geprägt. Deutschland sollte Türken und Armenier dabei unterstützen,
sich anzunähern. Eine konstruktive Aufarbeitung der Geschichte ist dabei als Basis
für eine Verständigung in Gegenwart und Zukunft unerlässlich.
Eine Entspannung und Normalisierung der Beziehungen zwischen der Republik
Türkei und der Republik Armenien ist auch für die Stabilisierung der Region des
Kaukasus wichtig. Deutschland sieht sich dabei im Rahmen der EU-Nachbarschaftspolitik
aufgrund seiner geschichtlichen Rolle in den deutsch-armenischtürkischen
Beziehungen in einer besonderen Verantwortung.
Vorabfassung – wird durch die lektorierte Fassung ersetzt.
Deutscher Bundestag – 18. Wahlperiode – 3 – Drucksache 18/8613
II. Der Deutsche Bundestag fordert die Bundesregierung auf:
– im Geiste der Debatte des Deutschen Bundestags vom 24. April 2015 zum 100.
Jahrestag weiterhin zu einer breiten öffentlichen Auseinandersetzung mit der
Vertreibung und fast vollständigen Vernichtung der Armenier 1915/1916 sowie
der Rolle des Deutschen Reiches beizutragen,
– die türkische Seite zu ermutigen, sich mit den damaligen Vertreibungen und
Massakern offen auseinanderzusetzen, um damit den notwendigen Grundstein
zu einer Versöhnung mit dem armenischen Volk zu legen,
– sich weiterhin dafür einzusetzen, dass zwischen Türken und Armeniern durch
die Aufarbeitung von Vergangenheit Annäherung, Versöhnung und Verzeihen
historischer Schuld erreicht wird,
– weiterhin wissenschaftliche, zivilgesellschaftliche und kulturelle Aktivitäten in
der Türkei und in Armenien zu unterstützen und im Rahmen verfügbarer Haushaltsmittel
zu fördern, die dem Austausch und der Annäherung sowie der Aufarbeitung
der Geschichte zwischen Türken und Armeniern dienen,
– eine Aufarbeitung der historischen Ereignisse durch die Türkei und Armenien
als ersten Schritt zur Versöhnung und zur längst überfälligen Verbesserung der
türkisch-armenischen Beziehungen aktiv zu unterstützen, z.B. durch Stipendien
für Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler oder Unterstützung zivilgesellschaftlicher
Kräfte aus beiden Ländern, die sich für Aufarbeitung und Versöhnung
– türkische und armenische Regierungsvertreter zu ermutigen, den derzeit stagnierenden
Normalisierungsprozess der zwischenstaatlichen Beziehungen beider
Länder fortzuführen,
– sich gegenüber der türkischen und der armenischen Regierung für die Ratifizierung
der 2009 unterzeichneten Zürcher Protokolle einzusetzen, die eine Kommission
zur wissenschaftlichen Untersuchung der Geschichte, die Wiederaufnahme
diplomatischer Beziehungen und die Öffnung der gemeinsamen Grenze
– dafür einzutreten, dass die in jüngster Zeit begonnene Pflege des armenischen
Kulturerbes in der Republik Türkei fortgesetzt und intensiviert wird,
– im Rahmen finanzieller Möglichkeiten auch weiterhin innerhalb Deutschlands
Initiativen und Projekte in Wissenschaft, Zivilgesellschaft und Kultur zu fördern,
die eine Auseinandersetzung mit den Geschehnissen von 1915/1916 zum
Thema haben.

Berlin, den 31. Mai 2016
Volker Kauder, Gerda Hasselfeldt und Fraktion
Thomas Oppermann und Fraktion
Katrin Göring-Eckardt, Dr. Anton Hofreiter und Fraktion

Die Vernichtung der Armenier im Osmanischen Reich während des Ersten Weltkrieges war die größte und folgenschwerste
Katastrophe in der mehrtausendjährigen Geschichte des armenischen Volkes. Den Deportationen
und Massenmorden fielen nach unabhängigen Berechnungen über einer Million Armenier zum Opfer. Zahlreiche
unabhängige Historiker, Parlamente und internationale Organisationen bezeichnen die Vertreibung und Vernichtung
der Armenier als Völkermord. Das Gedenken an diese Vertreibungen und Massaker ist deshalb neben Religion
und Sprache von zentraler Bedeutung für die Identität dieses Volkes.
Der Deutsche Bundestag gedenkt der Ereignisse auch im Zusammenhang des aktuellen Erinnerns an den Ersten
Weltkrieg. Das Deutsche Reich war militärischer Hauptverbündeter des Osmanischen Reiches. Die damalige
deutsche Reichsregierung, die über die Verfolgung und Ermordung der Armenier informiert war, blieb dennoch
untätig. Die Bundesrepublik Deutschland sieht sich in der Verantwortung, die Aufarbeitung dieses Verbrechens
zu fördern und die Erinnerung daran wach zu halten.
Bis heute bestreitet die Türkei entgegen der Faktenlage, dass der Vertreibung, Verfolgung und Ermordung der
Armenier eine Planmäßigkeit zugrunde gelegen hätte bzw. dass das Massensterben während der Umsiedlungstrecks
und die verübten Massaker von der osmanischen Regierung gewollt waren.
Insgesamt wird das Ausmaß der Massaker und Deportationen in der Türkei immer noch angezweifelt. Allerdings
gibt es auch gegenläufige Tendenzen. Im Jahre 2008 gab es Anlass zur Hoffnung auf eine türkisch-armenische
Annäherung, als die Staatspräsidenten beider Länder gemeinsam ein Fußballländerspiel besuchten und damit ihren
Willen für weitere Gespräche demonstriert hatten. 2009 wurde zwischen den Außenministern beider Länder
ein gemeinsames Protokoll unterzeichnet, in dem u.a. die Gründung einer Kommission vorgesehen war, welche
die Geschichte wissenschaftlich untersuchen sollten. Dieses Protokoll wurde aber bis heute in keinem der Parlamente
beider Länder verabschiedet.
Eine Versöhnung der beiden Völker ist nur dann denkbar, wenn die Ereignisse vor 100 Jahren grundlegend aufgeklärt
und die Fakten nicht weiter bestritten werden. Dazu ist es erforderlich, dass Wissenschaftler und Journalisten
in der Türkei bei der Aufarbeitung der Geschichte der Vertreibung und Ermordung von Armeniern frei und
ohne Angst vor Repressionen arbeiten können. Es gibt bereits zahlreiche Initiativen in der Türkei, die die Aufarbeitung
der Massaker zum Thema haben. Das Thema wird seit einigen Jahren in der türkischen Öffentlichkeit
vermehrt kontrovers diskutiert. Diese Entwicklungen sind genauso zu begrüßen, wie grenzüberschreitende zivilgesellschaftliche
Projekte, die vom Auswärtigen Amt seit vielen Jahren finanziell unterstützt werden.
Das Deutsche Reich war als militärischer Hauptverbündeter des Osmanischen Reiches ebenfalls tief in diese Vorgänge
involviert. Sowohl die politische als auch die militärische Führung des Deutschen Reichs war von Anfang
an über die Verfolgung und Ermordung der Armenier informiert. Als der evangelische Theologe Dr. Johannes
Lepsius am 5. Oktober 1915 im Deutschen Reichstag die Ergebnisse seiner im Juli/August 1915 in Konstantinopel
durchgeführten Recherchen vortrug, wurde das gesamte Thema von der deutschen Reichsregierung unter Zensur
gestellt. Ebenso wurde sein „Bericht über die Lage des Armenischen Volkes in der Türkei“, den er direkt an die
Reichstagsabgeordneten geschickt hatte, 1916 von der deutschen Militärzensur verboten und beschlagnahmt und
den Abgeordneten erst nach dem Ende des Ersten Weltkriegs 1919 ausgehändigt. Trotz dringender Eingaben
vieler deutscher Persönlichkeiten aus Wissenschaft, Politik und den Kirchen, darunter Politiker wie Philipp Scheidemann,
Karl Liebknecht oder Matthias Erzberger und bedeutende Persönlichkeiten aus der evangelischen und
katholischen Kirche wie z. B. Adolf von Harnack und Lorenz Werthmann, unterließ es die deutsche Reichsregierung,
auf ihren osmanischen Verbündeten wirksamen Druck auszuüben.
Auch die Akten des Auswärtigen Amts, die auf Berichten der deutschen Botschafter und Konsuln im Osmanischen
Reich beruhen, dokumentieren die planmäßige Durchführung der Massaker und Vertreibungen. Sie stellen
die wichtigste staatliche Überlieferung zu den damaligen Geschehnissen dar. Das Auswärtige Amt hat diese Akten
bereits vor vielen Jahren zugänglich gemacht. Bereits 1998 wurde Armenien ein kompletter Satz dieser Akten auf
Mikrofiche übergeben. Die Türkei hat anschließend ebenfalls einen Satz erworben.

Vorabfassung – wird durch die lektorierte Fassung ersetzt.

Unofficial translation of the resolution

the CDU / CSU, SPD and Alliance 90 / The Greens
Remembrance and commemoration of the genocide of the Armenians and other Christian minorities in the years 1915 and 1916
The Bundestag is requested to adopt:
I. The German Bundestag notes:
The German Bundestag bows to the victims of the expulsions and massacres of the Armenians and other Christian minorities of the Ottoman Empire, which began over a century ago. It deplores the actions of the former Young Turk government, which led to the almost total annihilation of the Armenians in the Ottoman Empire. Likewise, were members of other Christian ethnic groups, especially Aramaic / Assyrian and Chaldean Christians of deportations and massacres affected.

On behalf of the former Young Turk regime began on 24 April 1915 at the Ottoman Constantinople Opel scheduled expulsion and extermination of more than a million ethnic Armenians. Their fate exemplifies the history of mass extermination, ethnic cleansing, expulsions and even genocides, of which the 20th century is marked in such a terrible manner. We are aware of the uniqueness of the Holocaust, contributes to Germany guilt and responsibility.

The Bundestag deplores the inglorious role of the German Reich, which has not tried as a military ally of the Ottoman Empire despite clear information also on the part of German diplomats and missionaries on organized expulsion and annihilation of the Armenians to stop these crimes against humanity. The commemoration of the German Parliament is also an expression of special respect before probably oldest Christian nation on earth.

The German Bundestag reaffirmed its decision of 2005 (Drs. 15/5689), which was dedicated to the memory of the victims as well as the historical analysis of the events and the objective pursued to contribute to reconciliation between Turks and Armenians. Orators of all factions have the centennial commemoration, April 24, 2015, during the debate in the German Bundestag and in particular the President condemned on the eve of the debate the Armenian Genocide, remembered the victims and called for reconciliation. The German Empire bears partial responsibility for the events.

The Bundestag is committed to special historical responsibility of Germany. This includes supporting the Turks and Armenians, one looking through the trenches of the past away for ways of reconciliation and understanding. This reconciliation process has stalled in recent years and desperately needs new impulses.

The German Bundestag honors his memory of the unimaginably gruesome crimes not only their victims, but also those in the Ottoman Empire and the German Empire, the more than one hundred years ago in difficult circumstances and against the resistance of their respective governments in a variety of ways for the have used the rescue of Armenian women, children and men.

Today school, university and civic education in Germany comes to the task of picking up the processing of the expulsion and extermination of Armenians as part of the analysis of the history of ethnic conflicts in the 20th century in the curricula and materials and to provide future generations. In particular, the provinces have an important role.

The German Bundestag is of the opinion that the commemoration of the victims of the massacre and expulsion of Armenians also makes a contribution to integration and peaceful coexistence taking into account of the German role, including its referral to fellow citizens of Turkish and Armenian origin.

The German Bundestag welcomes the increase of initiatives and contributions in the fields of science, civil society, art and culture in Turkey, which have the processing of the crimes against the Armenians and reconciliation between Armenians and Turks aim.

The German Bundestag encourages the federal government to continue to dedicate to the memory and the processing of the expulsions and massacres of the Armenians in 1915 attention. Also, the German Bundestag welcomes any initiative to give this concern impetus and support. Our own historical experience of Germany shows how difficult it is for a company to work up the dark chapter of its own past. Nevertheless, an honest appraisal of history is the most important basis for reconciliation both within the company as well as with others. It is to differentiate between the guilt of the perpetrators and the responsibility of those alive today. The memories of the past reminds us Moreover, to remain vigilant and to prevent hatred and destruction repeatedly threaten people and nations.

The German Bundestag perceives the efforts made since 2005 attempts by representatives of Armenia and Turkey, to meet each other in questions of memory and the normalization of interstate relations. However, the relationship between the two countries is still exciting and characterized by mutual distrust. Germany should support Turks and Armenians, one to approach. A structural analysis of the history is indispensable as a basis for understanding the present and future.

A relaxation and normalization of relations between the Republic of Turkey and the Republic of Armenia is also important for the stabilization of the Caucasus region. Germany sees itself as part of the EU’s neighborhood policy due to its historical role in the German-armenischtürkischen relations have a special responsibility.

II. The German Bundestag calls on the Federal Government: – in the spirit of the debate of the German Bundestag of 24 April 2015 100th anniversary continues to a broad public discussion of the expulsion and the almost complete annihilation of the Armenians 1915/1916 and the role of the German contribute Empire,
– Encouraging the Turkish side to openly confront the former expulsions and massacres, in order to lay the necessary foundation for a reconciliation with the Armenian people,

– To continue to ensure that between Turks and Armenians by the refurbishment of past rapprochement, reconciliation and forgiveness of historical guilt is achieved,

– Continue to support scientific, civic and cultural activities in Turkey and Armenia and to promote the scope of the budgeted that serve the exchange and approach as well as the appraisal of history between Turks and Armenians,

– To support a reappraisal of historical events by Turkey and Armenia as a first step to reconciliation and long overdue improvement of Turkish-Armenian relations actively, for example, and through fellowships for scientists or supporting civil society forces from both countries who themselves worked up reconciliation involved,

– To encourage Turkish and Armenian government representatives to continue the currently stagnant process of normalization of interstate relations between the two countries,

– Defend against the Turkish and the Armenian government for the ratification of the protocols signed in 2009 in Zurich, which provide for a Commission for the scientific investigation of the history, the resumption of diplomatic relations and the opening of the common border,

– Advocate that the nursing begun recently of Armenian cultural heritage is continued and intensified in the Republic of Turkey – continue to promote within the framework of financial possibilities within Germany initiatives and projects in science, civil society and culture that a confrontation with the events of 1915/1916 have on the subject.

Volker Kauder, Gerda Hasselfeldt and Group
Thomas Oppermann and Group
Katrin Göring-Eckardt, Dr. Anton Hofreiter and Group

The annihilation of the Armenians in the Ottoman Empire during the First World War was the largest and most momentous disaster in the more ancient history of the Armenian people. The deportations and mass killings fell after independent calculations over a million Armenians victim. Numerous independent historians, parliaments and international organizations designate the expulsion and extermination of Armenians as genocide. The commemoration of these expulsions and massacres is therefore in addition to religion and language is central to the identity of these people.
The German Bundestag remembers the events also in the context of current remembrance of the First World War. The German Empire was a military ally of the Ottoman Empire. The then German government, which was informed about the persecution and murder of Armenians, but remained inactive. The Federal Republic of Germany considers itself the responsibility to promote the work-up of this crime and to keep memories of them.
To this day, Turkey denies, contrary to the facts, that the expulsion, persecution and murder of Armenians have a regularity underlain or that the mass deaths during the resettlement treks, and the massacres were intended by the Ottoman government.
Overall, the extent of the massacres and deportations in Turkey is still doubted. However, there are opposite trends. In 2008, there was reason to hope for a Turkish-Armenian rapprochement, as the President of both countries jointly attended a soccer match and had thus demonstrated their will for further discussions. 2009 joint protocol was signed between the Foreign Ministers of both countries, which envisaged, inter alia, the establishment of a commission which should investigate the history of science. This protocol was adopted but until now none of the parliaments of both countries.
A reconciliation between the two nations is only conceivable if the events 100 years ago solved fundamentally, and the facts are not disputed. This requires that scientists and journalists in Turkey work of repression in dealing with the history of the expulsion and murder of Armenians freely and without fear. There are already numerous initiatives in Turkey, having the processing of the massacre on the subject. The issue has been discussed for several years in the Turkish public controversy increased. These developments are to be welcomed as well as cross-border civil society projects that are financially supported by the Foreign Office for many years.
The German Reich was also involved as a military ally of the Ottoman Empire deep in these operations. Both the political and the military leadership of the German Reich was informed from the beginning of the persecution and murder of the Armenians. As the Protestant theologian Dr. Johannes Lepsius on 5 October 1915 at the German Reichstag recited the results of its conducted in Konstantin Opel in July / August 1915 search, the whole issue of the German government was put under censorship. Likewise, its “Report on the Situation of the Armenian People in Turkey”, which he had sent directly to the Reichstag, in 1916 banned by the German military censorship and seized and handed out to the deputies after the end of World War 1919th Despite urgent inputs of many German personalities from science, politics and the churches, including politicians like Philipp Scheidemann, Karl Liebknecht or Matthias Erzberger and major figures from the Protestant and Catholic churches such. As Adolf von Harnack and Lorenz Werthmann, it failed the German Reich government to exert on their Ottoman ally effective pressure.
The files of the Foreign Office, which are based on reports of German ambassadors and consuls in the Ottoman Empire, document the normal running of the massacres and expulsions. They represent the most important state tradition is to the former events. The Federal Foreign Office has made these files available many years ago. In 1998 Armenia was handed over a complete set of documents on microfiche. Turkey has subsequently also acquired a set.

Yes, It’s Genocide

(NEW YORK TIMES, June 3) In what has become an almost annual exercise, Turkey has thrown a fit because someone has spoken the truth about its dark past. This time, it has pulled its ambassador from Berlin and threatened dire consequences over a resolution, passed overwhelmingly by the German Parliament on Thursday, declaring that the century-old massacre of Ottoman Armenians was a genocide. That is what Turkey does every time a foreign government dares to challenge its discredited claim that the Armenians perished in the cruel fog of World War I, and not in a premeditated attempt to eradicate a people. Germany’s claims to the contrary, Turkish legislators huffed in a statement, are “based on biased, distorted and various subjective political motives.”

No, it was a genocide, the first of the 20th century. Historians have established beyond reasonable doubt that as many as 1.5 million Armenians were deliberately killed or sent on death marches in 1915-16 by the disintegrating Ottoman Empire, fearful that they and other Christian minorities could side with Russia in the war.

For Armenians, millions of whom were left scattered around the world, gaining recognition that the slaughter was a genocide — a deliberate atrocity, and not collateral damage — has been a long and passionate national mission, which has resulted in formal recognition by more than 20 countries.

The Armenians are fully justified in their quest for a historical reckoning. But the more the world has recognized that, the more aggressively Turkey has stormed and shouted. A couple of years ago, when President Recep Tayyip Erdogan was still a relatively broad-minded prime minister, he seemed prepared to take a more conciliatory stance on the Armenian issue. It never happened, and the increasingly autocratic Mr. Erdogan warned Germany’s chancellor, Angela Merkel, in advance that relations with Germany — “bilateral, diplomatic, economic, trade, political and military” — would be damaged by the resolution.

Mr. Erdogan’s threats are not without effect. Turkey is a crucial NATO ally in the upheavals of the Middle East, and especially important to Germany and the European Union as they try to stem the flow of Syrian refugees. Ms. Merkel was not present for the vote, though she did not oppose it. President Obama, who as a candidate in 2008 pledged to recognize the events of 1915 as a genocide, has failed to do so.

The damage done to Turkey’s relations with the Armenians and its NATO allies is the responsibility of that large majority of Turks who refuse to acknowledge a dark blot on their history, not those who seek to commemorate the tragedy. The Germans, who have admirably confronted the terrible genocide in their own history, did the right thing in defying Mr. Erdogan’s threats.


Entre Rios Province of Argentina Recognizes the Armenian Genocide

( The province of Entre Rios, Argentina, approved today a law adhering to the National Law 26,199 of recognition of the Armenian Genocide, which establishes every April 24 in Argentina as the “Day of Action for Tolerance and Respect between Peoples”.

The Senate of Entre Rios passed the adherence by unanimous vote of those present to the law “in commemoration of the genocide that was victim the Armenian people and with the spirit that its memory is a permanent lesson on the steps of the present and our future goals.”

Also on Tuesday, May 31, the Deputy Governor of Entre Rios and President of the Senate, Adan Humberto Bahl, along with Senator Lucas Larrarte, Chairman of the General Law Committee of the Senate, met with Nicolas Sabuncuyan and Jorge Dolmadjian, members of the Armenian National Committee of South America.

“The meeting was extremely positive and we deduct that the Government will enact the law. In addition, this will be the beginning of a way to work together with the province in the issues of human rights in different areas,” said Jorge Dolmadjian.

The bill (File No. 20783), was filed on March 30, 2015 by the then deputy Maria Laura Stratta, who is now Minister of Social Development. On May 12 of that same year it obtained the initial approval in the Chamber of Deputies of Entre Rios. Among the grounds, it is mentioned that “the memory of the Armenian Genocide interpellates modern society about the consequences that can lead to intolerance and discrimination, and invites us to reflect on the meaning of respect between peoples and individuals and the importance of active memory and ongoing injustice and impunity. The recognition, condemnation and denunciation are the basis for preventing the repetition of this abhorrent crime.”

“Ten years after the enactment of the law that put Argentina in first place in the struggle for the recognition of the Armenian Genocide, it is very important that the representatives of the people of Entre Rios decided to join that path,” said Nicolas Sabuncuyan, Director of the Armenian National Committee of Buenos Aires.

The Article 4 of Law 26,199, that was enacted on December 13, 2006 and promulgated on 11 January 2007, invited provincial governments to “adhere to the provisions of this law.” The provinces that have already joined the recognition law are: Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Chubut, Córdoba, Corrientes, Jujuy, La Pampa, Misiones, Neuquen, Rio Negro, San Juan, Santa Cruz, Santa Fe, Santiago del Estero and Tierra del Fuego.

Photo: (L-R) Jorge Dolmadjian, Adan Humberto Bahl, Nicolas Sabuncuyan, Lucas Larrarte

Spanish cities of Carcaixent, Alaquas and Elda Recognize Armenian Genocide

( Carcaixent, Alaquas, and Elda towns od Spain have officially recognized and condemned the Armenian Genocide, press department of the RA Ministry of Foreign Affairs reports.

According to the press statement, all the five political forces represented in Carcaixent city council voted for the adoption of the corresponding institutional statement.

During the voting at Alaquas city council only deputies of PP and Ciudadanos parties abstained, while in Elda only one representative from Ciudadanos voted against.
The city council sessions were attended by representatives of the Armenian community both from those towns as well as all over Spain, who expressed their gratitude to the city councils, reads the statement.

Ple ordinari de l’Ajuntament de Carcaixent 27/04/2016


La Sra. Alcaldesa indica que se ha solicitado la intervención de un representante de la
Asociación “Ararat de Mislata” mediante escrito presentado a instancia del grupo EU.
Igualmente indica que hay una enmienda de adicción del grupo PSOE que es aceptada por
la Sra. Pino y que dice:
“Solicita la inclusión en la propuesta de acuerdo de un punto 2 y 3 que digan los siguiente:
2. Recordar la Resolución del Parlamento Europeo del 15 de abril del 2015 en la que, entre
otras cosas, reconocía que los trágicos acontecimientos que tuvieron lugar entre 1915 y 1917
contra los armenios en el territorio del Imperio Otomano, representan un genocidio según la
definición de la Convención para la prevención y sanción del delito de genocidio de 1948.
3. Pedir a Armenia y a Turquía que tomen como ejemplo las reconciliaciones que se han
producido con éxito entre las naciones europeas y se centren en una agenda que ponga en primer
lugar la cooperación entre los pueblos; confía en que esto contribuirá a la reconciliación histórica
del pueblo armenio y el pueblo turco en un espíritu de verdad y respeto; respalda las iniciativas de
la sociedad civil emprendidas entre Turquía y Armenia para avanzar en la normalización de las
relaciones; insta a Turquía y armenia a normalizar sus relaciones ratificando y aplicando, sin
condiciones previas, los protocolos sobre el establecimiento de relaciones diplomáticas, abriendo
la frontera y mejorando activamente sus relaciones, con especial hincapié en la cooperación
transfronteriza y la integración económica.”
Seguidamente la Sra. Alcaldesa somete a votación la enmienda siendo está aprobada por
A continuación la Sra. Pino defiende la moción diciendo que es una iniciativa promovida por
la comunidad Armenia. El presidente de la asociación Armenia Ararat, de Mislata, se puso en
contacto con nosotros para mostrarnos su moción y proponernos traer esta iniciativa al pleno de
hoy. Hemos de decir que tuvimos la oportunidad de conocer a la comunidad y compartir con ellos
la celebración del pasado 24 de abril, día en que ellos recuerdan a todos los armenios que
perdieron la vida durante el genocidio que sufrieron entre los años 1915 y 1921. Voy a leer la
moción tal cual la han redactado ellos para que todos y todas tengáis conocimiento directo de lo
que en ella se refleja. Antes de empezar quisiera dar las gracias a Ararat Ghukasyan, Presidente
de la asociación, por acompañarnos esta noche, a Salvador García de la mota, compañero de
Esquerra Unida de Mislata, estrecho colaborador de la asociación armenia y a los vecinos y
vecinas Armenios de
Alaquàs que han acudido esta noche.
Seguidamenteda lectura a la moción:
“Este año se cumple el 101 aniversario del genocidio Armenio, considerado el primer genocidio del siglo XX.
Entre los años 1915 y 1921 tuvieron lugar un conjunto de masacres y deportaciones de la
población Armenia del actual territorio de Turquía, especialmente durante el régimen de los
jóvenes Turcos, en que murieron 1.500.000 Armenios y otros 2.000.000 tuvieron que abandonar
sus lugares y expandirse por todo el mundo, formando la gran Diáspora Armenia.
Las masacres se caracterizaron por su brutalidad y la utilización de marchas forzadas con
deportaciones en condiciones extremas, que generalmente llevaban a la muerte a muchos de los
deportados. Un exterminio que el abogado Polaco, Rafael Lemkin, calificó como Genocidio,
utilizando este término por primera vez en el vocabulario internacional.
Actualmente Turquía niega la existencia del genocidio, cosa que han reconocido países
como Uruguay, Argentina, Bélgica, Canadá, Chile, Chipre, Francia, Grecia, Italia, Lituania,
Holanda, Polonia, Rusia, Eslovaquia, Suecia, Suiza, El Vaticano, Venezuela …
El Genocidio Armenio ha sido reconocido por 44 Estados de los Estados Unidos y tres
comunidades de España (País Vasco, Cataluña y Canarias).
En el año 1984 la ONU y en el año 1987 el Parlamento Europeo reconocieron los hechos del
Genocidio Armenio, calificándolo de crimen contra la Humanidad.
Por todo ello, elevamos al pleno las siguientes
propuestas de acuerdo:
1º. El Pleno del Ayuntamiento de
Alaquàs acuerda el reconocimiento oficial del Genocidio
Armenio y condena los crímenes contra la Humanidad que se realizaron durante el mismo.
2º. El Pleno del Ayuntamiento de Alaquàs acuerda dar traslado del contenido de esta moción
a la asociación Ararat de Mislata
(C/ Pirotécnico Gori 8-23).
3º. El Pleno del Ayuntamiento de Alaquàs acuerda dar traslado del contenido de esta moción

Presidente del Gobierno.

Ministro de Asuntos Exteriores.

Grupos políticos del Congreso de los Diputados y Diputadas.

Grupos políticos de las Cortes Valencianas.

La embajada de Armenia en España.
4º El Pleno del Ayuntamiento de Alaquàs acuerda transmitir el contenido de esta moción a
través de los medios de comunicación institucional de que disponga.”
La Sra. Pino agradece la presencia en el Pleno de los representantes de la asociación y a
los vecinos armenios.
Previa autorización de la Sra. Alcaldesa y al amparo del artículo 228 del Reglamento de
organización, funcionamiento y régimen jurídico de las entidades locales,
hace uso de la palabra el Sr. Ararat Ghukasyan que expresa unas palabras en las que insta a que se adopten acuerdos
como los aprobados en otros Ayuntamientos para reconocer el genocidio armenio y Alaquàs será
el municipio número 16 que lo haga, para que este tipo de situaciones no se repitan y hace
entrega de un obsequio a la Concejala Sra. Pino.
Seguidamente la Sra. Alcaldesa indica que se ha trasladado la información facilitada por el
Consulado general de Turquía y hoy se ha entregado documentación de la
Embajada de Armenia que se facilitará a los Srs. Concejales.
Abierto el debate el Sr. Mellado agradece la presencia de la Asociación “Ararat de Mislata”
como una de las partes,
indica que en relación al conflicto armenio-turco y dado que durante el
periodo de la I Guerra Mundial, ocurrieron sucesos muy trágicos en los que, junto a muchas de
personas de cada bando, los armenios también perdieron la vida y dado que Turquía,
especialmente en los últimos años, ha dado unos pasos de especial importancia para poder poner
fin a la hostilidad provocada por este asunto, que alude a los armenios que perdieron la vida.
Entre dichos pasos los más destacados son la propuesta de Turquía de esclarecer los sucesos a través de un trabajo conjunto llevado a cabo por historiadores turcos, armenios y de terceras
partes, y los mensajes del Primer Ministro RecepTayyipErdogan en 2014 y el Primer Ministro
AhmetDavutoglu el 24 de abril de 2015. En estos mensajes se subraya que están firmemente
decididos a mantener sus esfuerzos para curar las heridas y restablecer las amistades.
Y dado que el genocidio es el crimen más grave que se pueda cometer contra la humanidad, así
como acusar a una nación de haber cometido el crimen de genocidio trae consigo la obligación
principal de demostrar las acusaciones con verdades históricas y fundamentarlas en la legalidad
internacional. Es obvio que las acusaciones basadas en las alegaciones armenias en su totalidad
pueden carecer de fundamento tanto de un punto de vista histórico como jurídico.
Por ello, una vez valorada la información de la moción presentada por EU de Alaquàs y la
documentación aportada por el Cónsul General de Turquía el Sr. Emir SalimYüksel, creemos que
no debemos tratar de interferir, ni afrontar los intereses concretos de forma
partidista hacia un bando u otro, ya que no ayudaría en nada a la normalización de las relaciones turco-armenias, ni
al establecimiento de una memoria justa sobre estos acontecimientos, sino que debemos apoyar
cualquier proceso de paz entre Armenia y Turquía, y que debemos denunciar realmente también y
sobre todo un problema global que buscamos afrontar de una forma eficiente y conforme a la
doctrina de la ONU y del Parlamento Europeo.
Por todo ello, proponemos al grupo de EU Alaquàs que retire dicha moción y al resto de grupos
que abordemos este tema entre todas las partes con un enfoque global, ya que seguramente nos
pueden llegar más mociones delicadas de este tipo y que en un principio, escapan a nuestras
competencias directas y afectan más al derecho internacional.
Toma la palabra la Sra. Blanch diciendo que como es lógico, nuestro grupo está totalmente
en contra de todos los actos que hayan implicado en el pasado o actualmente cualquier tipo de
represión, terrorismo, masacres o genocidios. En este punto y a colación de la moción presentada
por Izquierda Unida, votamos a favor del reconocimiento de los hechos acaecidos de 1915 a 1917
como genocidio, teniendo en cuenta la información que hemos estudiado en nuestro colectivo. No
pretendemos que este reconocimiento sea fuente de nuevas fricciones, pero en nuestra parcela
de responsabilidad, es así como consideramos estos hechos.
Seguidamente la Sra. Barberà indica que es un proceso de paz entre pueblos enfrentados,
que deben intentar buscar la paz, y aunque me equivoque, prefiero
dar la razón a los oprimidos.
El Sr. Pons (PP) indica que no es un tema de competencia municipal, no obstante insta a la
Alcaldía para que se tiendan puentes con el fin de que empresas españolas puedan vender
productos a Armenia.
Hace uso de la palabra el Sr. Oñate agradeciendo el talante de la proponente que ha
aceptado nuestra enmienda. La verdad es que hoy estamos aquí debatiendo una cuestión que
mas allá de nuestra competencia, donde este partido siempre se ha mostrado dispuesto a marcar
posición, lo cierto es que se desarrolló hace algo así como 101 años. Algo que debe de servirnos,
pues aprender del pasado, nos debe permitir no cometer los mismos errores en el futuro
Nosotros no vamos a discutir cómo se llama al hecho pues si tenemos algo claro es que
independientemente de cómo se llame, que el parlamento europeo ha dicho que es un genocidio,
si produce la muerte masiva de civiles merece toda nuestra condena.
Por supuesto mas allá de la condena si que estimamos oportuno que se deben poner los
medios para la reconciliación de los pueblos, y para que esto no se vuelva a repetir, eso es lo que
proponemos en nuestra enmienda de adición al acuerdo y lo que trasladamos a la proponente
para su votación.
La Sra. Pino indica que en este contexto no debería proceder limitaciones
en cuanto a las competencias municipales, sino que es momento de hablar y debatir
para que las cosas trasciendan.
Replica al Sr. Mellado, diciendo que ha utilizado datos del escrito presentado por el Consulado de
Turquía y que no formaban parte de la documentación del Pleno, dicha información quizás es una injerencia, y que debería hacerse a través del Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores.
La Sra. Alcaldesa explica, que ella recibe a todas las personas que piden hablar con ella, se ha incorporado información para que cada partido lo procese, y las valore.
El Sr. Mellado indica que él se reunió con el Cónsul, además de haber visto la
documentación remitida desde la secretaria general y había previsto dos enmiendas, una de 4
puntos y otra de 7, por lo anteriormente expuesto pide que reflexionen los que apoyan estas
Finalizado el debate y sometida a votación la moción formulada con la inclusión de la enmienda aprobada, el Pleno de la Corporación de conformidad con el dictamen de la Comisión Informativa de fecha 21 de abril, aprueba por 15 votos a favor (9 del grupo PSOE, 3 del grupo COMPROMIS, 2 del grupo CET, y 1 del grupo EU) y 6 abstenciones (5 del grupo PP y 1 del grupo C ́s)
adoptar los siguientes acuerdos:
1. El Pleno del Ayuntamiento de Alaquàs acuerda el reconocimiento oficial del Genocidio
Armenio y condena los crímenes contra la Humanidad que se realizaron durante el mismo.
2. Recordar la Resolución del Parlamento Europeo del 15 de abril del 2015 en la
que, entre
otras cosas, reconocía que los trágicos acontecimientos que tuvieron lugar entre 1915 y 1917
contra los armenios en el territorio del Imperio Otomano, representan un genocidio según la
definición de la Convención para la prevención y sanción del
delito de genocidio de 1948.
3. Pedir a Armenia y a Turquía que tomen como ejemplo las reconciliaciones que se han
producido con éxito entre las naciones europeas y se centren en una agenda que ponga en primer
lugar la cooperación entre los pueblos; conf
ía en que esto contribuirá a la reconciliación histórica
del pueblo armenio y el pueblo turco en un espíritu de verdad y respeto; respalda las iniciativas de
la sociedad civil emprendidas entre Turquía y Armenia para avanzar en la normalización de las
relaciones; insta a Turquía y armenia a normalizar sus relaciones ratificando y aplicando, sin
condiciones previas, los protocolos sobre el establecimiento de relaciones diplomáticas, abriendo
la frontera y mejorando activamente sus relaciones, con especial hi
ncapié en la cooperación
transfronteriza y la integración económica.
4. El Pleno del Ayuntamiento de Alaquàs acuerda dar traslado del contenido de esta moción
a la asociación Ararat de Mislata (C/ Pirotécnico Gori 8-23).
5. El Pleno del Ayuntamiento de Alaquàs acuerda dar traslado del contenido de esta moción

Presidente del Gobierno.

Ministro de Asuntos Exteriores.

Grupos políticos del Congreso de los Diputados y Diputadas.

Grupos políticos de las Cortes Valencianas.

La embajada de Armenia en España.
El Pleno del Ayuntamiento de Alaquàs acuerda transmitir el contenido de esta moción a
través de los medios de comunicación institucional de que disponga.

Pleno Ordinario del Excmo. Ayuntamiento de Elda de fecha 28 de abril de 2016

European Democrat Students adopts resolution to recognize Armenian Genocide

( European Democrat Students (EDS) of the European People’s Party adopted a resolution condemning the Armenian Genocide, Armenpress reports.

The resolution had been included in the agenda of EDS Council at the suggestion of the Youth Organization of the Republican Party of Armenia. The latter joined EDS in summer of 2015.

The resolution condemns the genocides committed by the Ottoman Empire in late 19th and early 20th centuries against the Armenian, Assyrian peoples and Pontiac Greeks. The document urges Turkey to face the history and recognize the Armenian Genocide. It is also emphasized that Turkey’s denial of the genocide originates new crimes in the world.

Chairman of European Democrat Students Georgios Chatzigeorgiou said it was the first time for EDS to express an official stance on genocides.

Chatzigeorgiou stated that the resolution was adopted by the majority of the votes and that they urge all the countries to recognize and condemn the Genocide. He added that European People’s Party also had an official position on the issue, calling for genocide condemnation. As Chairman of European Democrat Students noted, many countries recognized the Armenian Genocide and it was their wish for EDS to have an official position on the issue.

Chairman of the Democrat Youth Community of Europe (DEMYC) Javier Hurtado Mira stressed the importance of the fact that EDS which is the official student organization of the European People’s Party, the leading force in the European Parliament, voiced the Armenian Genocide.

He added that DEMYC also adopted a document condemning the Armenian Genocide in Yerevan this year in April. He concluded his speech with the motto of the Genocide centennial: We remember and demand.

The meeting of EDS Council is held in Yerevan these days at the invitation of the Youth Organization of the Republican Party of Armenia.

Peoples’ Democratic Congress of Turkey urges Armenian Genocide recognition

( Peoples’ Democratic Congress of Turkey (HDK) issued Wednesday, December 9, a statement addressed to the Turkish state on the occasion of the International Day of Commemoration and Dignity of the Victims of the Crime of Genocide and of the Prevention of this Crime, Armenpress reports citing

Signed by HDK Co-spokespersons Sebahat Tuncel and Ertuğrul Kürkçü, the statement calls on Turkey to face its own history and apologize for perpetrating the Armenian Genocide.

“The genocide of Armenians and Assyrians committed in 1915 under the command of İttihat ve Terakki (Committee of Union and Progress) aimed to eliminate the ethnic and religious identities of Ottoman Armenians,” the HDK statement reads to further stress that the Genocide started with the arrest and deportation of Istanbul’s Armenian intellectuals on April 24, 1915.

“After 100 years, Turkey continues to deny the Genocide,” the statement says.

The authors noted that what happened to Armenians was followed by more acts of genocide.

“Peoples’ Democratic Congress reminds that Turkey is among the states that have signed the international convention on prevention of genocides. We call on Turkey to stop denying the Armenian and Assyrian genocides and apologize for crimes committed against the Ottoman nations,” the statement concludes.

France’s Genocide Criminalization Bill Sent to Justice Commission

( PARIS—France’s National Assembly Thursday voted to send a bill criminalizing the denial of the Armenian Genocide, introduced by Valérie Boyer, back to the Justice Commission, which had discussed the measure on November 25.

The majority of the parliament members who took turns to speak supported the measure with 26 votes cast in favor and 12 against the measure.

“It is time for France to take the responsibility which it has in the protection of democracy. I hope that Parliament members will be united during the vote on draft,” Boyer said in her opening remarks.

The Coordinating Council of Armenian Organizations in France (CCAF) issued a statement thanking Boyer for her leadership, adding that the majority support from legislators is proof that the view is largely shared within the National Assembly.

The CCAF said that it expected the ruling party, as well as all human rights activists to take the lead and declare unacceptable the denial of the Armenian Genocide set legal punitive guidelines.

The group also said that French President Francois Hollande must be held accountable to his earlier promises of support for such a measure and will move swiftly for its adoption as law.

A bill criminalizing the denial of the Armenian Genocide was adopted by the French Parliament’s lower house on December 22, 2011 and its upper house—the Senate—on January 23, 2012. However; it was declared unconstitutional by France’s highest judicial body, the Constitutional Council, on February 29, 2012.

Spain’s Aragon recognizes Armenian Genocide

( Parliament of Aragon, Spain, adopted Wednesday, December 2, a declaration recognizing and condemning the Armenian Genocide.

Introduced by MP Gregorio Briz Sánchez, the document pays homage to the over 1.5 million Armenian victims killed by the Ottoman Empire and calls on all Turkish institutions, including the government, to acknowledge the historical fact.

In addition, the text pays tribute to the victims of the Armenian Genocide in a spirit of solidarity and European justice. It underlines that the European Union should make genocide prevention and punishment of crimes against humanity a top priority.

The resolution calls also on the government of Turkey to use the commemoration of the Armenian Genocide centenary as an opportunity to recognize it, open its archives and choose the path of reconciliation between the Turkish and Armenian people. It also highlights that a growing number of Turkish intellectuals, politicians and members of civil society have acknowledged the Armenian Genocide and encourages Turkish institutions to do the same.

“It is very encouraging to see that this year, not only the European, but also member states and regional parliaments have adopted resolutions recognizing the Armenian Genocide,” Eduardo Lorenzo Ochoa, director of European Friends of Armenia said. “I believe that the move sends a strong message to Turkey, suggesting Europe is waiting for them to recognize their history.”

The text further calls on Spain to ensure Turkey keeps its promise to protect and preserve the Armenian cultural heritage on its territory and have a more active role in facilitating reconciliation between Armenia and Turkey.

Aragon is the fifth region in Spain to recognize the Armenian Genocide, following the Basque Country, Catalonia, the Balearic Islands and Navarre.

As a reminder, the Armenian Genocide has been officially recognized by the city councils of the Spanish towns of Mislata, Burjassot, Betera, San Sebastian, Xirivella, Pinto, Santa Margarita, Manises, Silla, Aldaia and Alzira.

Below is the text of the declaration, in Spanish.

Declaración institucional adoptada por el Pleno de las Cortes de Aragón, en sesión celebrada los días 2 y 3 de diciembre de 2015, con motivo del centenario del genocidio armenio.
Boletín Oficial de las Cortes de Aragón n°:32 (IX Legislatura) PDF


La Mesa de las Cortes de Aragón y la Junta de Portavoces, en sesión conjunta celebrada los días 2 y 3 de diciembre de 2015, mediante acuerdo unánime, elevan al Pleno de la Cámara una propuesta de declaración institucional con motivo del centenario del genocidio armenio.

Las Cortes de Aragón, en sesión plenaria celebrada los días 2 y 3 de noviembre de 2015, han aprobado la siguiente


Las Cortes de Aragón, vistas la Convención de las Naciones Unidas para la Prevención y la Sanción del Delito de Genocidio, de 1948; las resoluciones del Parlamento Europeo, de 18 de junio de 1987, sobre una solución política del problema armenio, y de 12 de marzo de 2015, sobre el Informe anual sobre los derechos humanos y la democracia en el mundo (2013) y la política de la Unión Europea al respecto; el Protocolo sobre el Establecimiento de Relaciones Diplomáticas entre la República de Armenia y la República de Turquía y el Protocolo sobre el Desarrollo de las Relaciones entre la República de Armenia y la República de Turquía, firmados en Zúrich el 10 de octubre de 2009, y la declaración realizada el 12 de abril de 2015 por Su Santidad el Papa Francisco, y considerando:

— que 2015 marca el centenario del genocidio armenio perpetrado en el Imperio Otomano;

— que un número cada vez mayor de Estados miembros y Parlamentos nacionales reconoce el genocidio armenio perpetrado en el Imperio Otomano;

— que entre las principales motivaciones del movimiento de unificación europea figura la voluntad de evitar que se vuelvan a producir guerras y crímenes contra la humanidad en Europa;

— que Turquía y Armenia han iniciado un proceso de normalización diplomática y que, en 2009, firmaron en Zúrich protocolos sobre el establecimiento y el desarrollo de relaciones, y

— que es sumamente importante mantener viva la memoria del pasado, puesto que no puede haber reconciliación sin verdad y sin memoria:

1. Rinden homenaje, en el año del centenario, a la memoria del millón y medio de víctimas armenias inocentes que perecieron en el Imperio Otomano; se unen a la conmemoración del centenario del genocidio armenio en un espíritu de solidaridad y justicia europeas, y piden a la instituciones españolas y europeas que se sumen a la conmemoración.

2. Recuerdan las Resoluciones del Parlamento Europeo de 18 de junio de 1987 y de 15 de abril de 2015, en las que, entre otras cosas, reconocía que los trágicos acontecimientos que tuvieron lugar entre 1915 y 1917 contra los armenios en el territorio del Imperio Otomano representan un genocidio, según la definición de la Convención para la Prevención y la Sanción del Delito de Genocidio de 1948; condenan todos los casos de crímenes contra la humanidad y genocidio, y lamentan profundamente cualquier intento de negarlos.

3. Rinden homenaje a la memoria de las víctimas inocentes de todos los genocidios y crímenes perpetrados contra la humanidad; acogen con satisfacción la Resolución de la Asamblea General de Naciones Unidas de 11 de septiembre de 2015, que establece el 9 de diciembre como el Día Internacional de la Conmemoración y la Dignidad de las Víctimas del Crimen de Genocidio y de la Prevención de este Crimen, a fin de recordar, una vez más, el derecho de todas las personas y de todas las naciones del mundo a la paz y la dignidad.

4. Celebran que en Turquía un creciente número de intelectuales, líderes de la sociedad civil e incluso políticos reconocen el genocidio armenio, e instan a las instituciones turcas a seguir su ejemplo y reconocer dicho hecho histórico.

5. Subrayan que la prevención oportuna y el castigo efectivo de los genocidios y los crímenes contra la humanidad deberían figurar entre las principales prioridades de la comunidad internacional y de la Unión Europea.

6. Toman nota de las declaraciones del presidente de la República de Turquía, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, y del primer ministro de la República de Turquía, Ahmet Davutoglu, en las que expresan sus condolencias y reconocen las atrocidades cometidas contra los armenios otomanos; animan a Turquía a aprovechar la conmemoración del centenario del genocidio armenio como una oportunidad importante para proseguir sus esfuerzos —incluida la desclasificación de los archivos— por asumir su pasado, reconocer el genocidio armenio y, de esta manera, allanar el camino para una verdadera reconciliación entre los pueblos turco y armenio.

7. Elogian el mensaje pronunciado por Su Santidad el Papa Francisco para honrar el centenario del genocidio armenio el 12 de abril de 2015 con un espíritu de paz y reconciliación.

8. Piden al Gobierno de España que se dirija al Gobierno de Turquía para que respete y lleve plenamente a la práctica las obligaciones que ha contraído para proteger el patrimonio cultural, y, en particular, que lleve a cabo de buena fe un inventario completo del patrimonio cultural armenio o de otro origen destrozado o dañado durante el siglo pasado bajo su jurisdicción.

9. Piden al Gobierno de España que se dirija a los Gobiernos de Armenia y de Turquía para que tomen como ejemplo las reconciliaciones que se han producido con éxito entre las naciones europeas y se centren en una agenda que ponga en primer lugar la cooperación entre los pueblos; confían en que esto contribuirá a la reconciliación histórica del pueblo armenio y el pueblo turco en un espíritu de verdad y respeto; respaldan las iniciativas de la sociedad civil emprendidas entre Turquía y Armenia para avanzar en la normalización de las relaciones; instan a Turquía y a Armenia a normalizar sus relaciones, ratificando y aplicando, sin condiciones previas, los protocolos sobre el establecimiento de relaciones diplomáticas, abriendo la frontera y mejorando activamente sus relaciones, con especial hincapié en la cooperación transfronteriza y la integración económica.

10. Acuerdan transmitir la presente Resolución al Consejo de Europa, a la Comisión Europea, a la Vicepresidenta de la Comisión/Alta Representante de la Unión para Asuntos Exteriores y Política de Seguridad, a los Gobiernos y Parlamentos de los Estados miembros, al Gobierno y al Parlamento de la República de Armenia, y al Gobierno y al Parlamento de la República de Turquía.

Zaragoza, 2 de diciembre de 2015.

El Presidente de las Cortes de Aragón


Italy’s L’Aquila City Council recognizes Armenian Genocide

( Italy’s L’Aquila City Council has recognized the Armenian Genocide on November 26.

In a letter to Armenia’s Embassy to Italy and the Union of Armenians of the country, L’Aquila City Mayor Massimo Cialente stated that the Council recognizes the Genocide and expresses solidarity with the Armenian people in support of historical truth and protection of human rights.

Alzira becomes 12th city of Kingdom of Spain to recognize the Armenian Genocide

( The city of Alzira of the Valencia region joined 11 cities of Spain and officially recognized the Armenian Genocide, reports Valencia’s Ararat Armenian Association to Hayern Aysor.

Spain Alzira logoDuring a November 25 session of Alzira City Council, all five political parties (“Compromis”, the Socialist, People’s, “Lefts Union” and “Ciudadanos”) unanimously voted in favor of the resolution submitted by Ararat Armenian Association, viewing the first slaughter of the 20th century as genocide and condemning Turkey’s policy of denial.

During a meeting prior to the session, Mayor Diego Gomez had promised the members of the Armenian association to address the resolution to other governments and especially the Parliaments of Valencia and Spain. This meeting, which was attended by President of Ararat Armenian Association Ararat Ghukasyan and members Sergey Ghaghramanyan and Arsen Abasyan, was made possible by the latter.

Among those attending the city council session were representatives of the local Armenian community. Before the resolution was put up for a vote, President Ararat Ghukasyan briefly talked about the causes and effects of the Armenian Genocide, the historic significance of the day, as well as the need and importance for all state structures to recognize the crime that Turkey committed. Afterwards, Ghukasyan donated the Forget-Me-Not badge symbolizing the 100th year anniversary of the Armenian Genocide to Diego Gomez, urging him to never forget and to continue the struggle until its logical termination.

After the vote, first-year student of Yerevan Komitas State Conservatory and violinist Edmond Hovhannisyan performed Komitas’s “Krunk” for the city council members and the attendees and received warm rounds of applause.

And so, Alzira became the 12th city of the Kingdom of Spain to recognize the Armenian Genocide. Who’s next?

European Greens Party expresses its solidarity with the ‪Armenian‬ people, adopts resolution on ‪‎Genocide‬

European Green Party

Adopted Resolution

100 Year since Armenian Genocide

Marking the anniversary of 100 years since the Armenian Genocide, the European Green Party expresses its’ solidarity with the Armenian people and calls for action towards an historical rectification, bilateral reconciliation, and firm action against hatred and all forms of violence.

We acknowledge that the bloodshed that was conducted by the Ottoman state against the Armenian people, during 1915-1923, constituted a genocide according to the meaning of the convention on the prevention and the punishment of crimes of genocide, adopted by the UN General Assembly on 9 December 1948. The structural and well planned violence conducted by the Ottoman state brought death to an estimated 1.5 million ethnic Armenians. We want to express additional mourning to the destruction of whole communities, cultural heritage and interethnic society committed at the time. This is about not forgetting and commemorating the victims, Assyrian and Pontiac Greeks, numbering over a million fallen. We must not neglect that this tragic campaign included severe torture, rape, and destruction of families, communities’ structures and displacement.

We also acknowledge the tacit complacency as well as support that states that are now Member States of the EU have given to the Ottoman Empire. We especially recognize that the German Kaiserreich shared responsibility for the genocide. As a close military ally of the Ottoman Empire, it knew about the massacres but decided not to intervene and even prevented related information from spreading in the public.

Denial of the Genocide by the Turkish state and prorogation of recognition by other states, not only keeps the Armenian community further from historical settlement and having their own history, but also adversely affects true reconciliation between Turkey and Armenia and moreover weakens actions against new waves of violence.

Henceforth we commend the Turkish citizens who are strongly and fearlessly committed to the recognition of the Armenian genocide and who stand up to the State propaganda and censorship.

The EGP urges the EU Member states and the European states that have not yet done so, to open the political process to recognise and condemn the Genocide, followed by the respective Act.

-­‐ We deem that it’s of the utmost importance that the Turkish government recognises the Genocide and conducts acts of moral and historical rehabilitation towards the Armenians.
-­‐ We call upon the Government of Turkey to offer its official apologies to the Armenian state and diaspora.
-­‐ We call upon the Government of Turkey to immediately abolish Article 301 of the Turkish Penal Code that among other things
censors political and public debate on the genocide issue and to acquit all those who were imprisoned or fined under this article.
-­‐ Seeing it as an investment in a common future and cooperation, we call upon the Turkish government and civil society to re-evaluate historical and cultural narratives and thoroughly eliminate hatred from them.
-­‐ Additionally, the Turkish Government should take the necessary steps to open all archives and invest in opportunities for historians, academics and researchers to engage in a transparent debate and come to terms with its past.
-­‐ We urge the Government of Turkey to respect and include the Armenian cultural heritage within State borders within Acts of Protection and Development of Cultural Heritage.
-­‐ Finally, the current regime in Turkey must admit that failing to acknowledge the Armenian Genocide and invest in reconciliation until today gave cause to rhetoric of violence and fear and gave legitimacy to perpetrators
-­‐ We urge governments of both countries to establish diplomatic relations without any precondition with utmost priority of opening shared border.
-­‐ We urge the German government to recognize unequivocally the responsibility that the German Kaiserreich carried with regard to the Armenian genocide and to provide substantial financial and other support for efforts to research and commemorate the
Armenian genocide. We urge the governments of Germany and of all EU member states to anchor the history of the Armenian genocide both in their respective national and in the European culture of remembrance.

As Europeans and as Greens, we believe that everyone’s right to their own history, culture and identity needs to be respected. The European Greens acknowledge the Armenian genocide and pay due respect to its victims as a first step towards historical reparation.